Projekttitel: PPCIC - Parenting and Parent-Child Interactions in
Three Generations after the Khmer Rouge Regime in Cambodia



Parenting and Parent-Child Interactions in Three Generations after the Khmer Rouge Regime in Cambodia (PPCIC)

Why is the PPCIC project needed?

During and after the Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979) an estimated
two million people, a third of the population of Cambodia, were killed.
A largely traumatized generation of Khmer Rouge survivors now
lives side by side with rapidly growing new generations of Cambodians.
There is evidence that trauma is transmitted from one generation to
the next through the way parents interact with their children.
Little is known about the transmission of trauma in Cambodia.
As research on parent-child interactions and parenting practices and
beliefs in Cambodia is almost non-existent, fundamental research
is required.
The Department of Psychology (RUPP) is therefore collaborating
with the Sigmund-Freud-Institute (SFI) in Germany, which has
expertise in this field of research.

What is the PPCIC project about?
The PPCIC study focuses on the impact of the inter-generational
transmission of trauma from the Khmer Rouge regime on parenting
and parent-child inter-actions and on mental health.

Standardized doll’s house play assesses the quality of parent-child relationships from the child’s perspective

The study complements two surveys conducted recently by the
Department of Psychology (RUPP): The Cambodian Nationwide
Mental Health Survey and the Cambodian Nationwide Survey
“Youth Distress Screening”.

What is innovative about PPCIC?

This is the first study in Cambodia to investigate the attachment
patterns of parent-child relationships using standardized doll’s
house play (the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task) for school
age children.
The sample is innovative: The study investigates three generations
and their parental relationships. Included in the sample are children
aged around 14 years, one younger sibling, their mother and their
Further, the study looks at cultural beliefs about parenting in
Cambodia. A questionnaire on parenting beliefs will be developed.
Last but not least, the research measures will give us a
multi-dimensional perspective on the mental health problems of
children of the third generation and their parents.

What are the benefits of PPCIC?

This research project will contribute to a better understanding
of the current situation of parents and children and their needs
in Cambodia.

The research findings will provide information that will enable the Department
of Psychology (RUPP) to develop tailored intervention and prevention
programmes for parents in need.
The project fosters and supports child-friendly, non-violent living and learning environments for children and their parents in Cambodia.

Duration of the PPCIC project
1st of October 2014 - 31st of October 2015

A Research Project by the
Department of Psychology
Royal University of Phnom Penh Cambodia

In Cooperation with the
Frankfurt am Main Germany

Who is involved in the research?

Principal Investigator:
Dr. Katrin Luise Laezer (SFI)
Tel: +855 (0)16 385 233

Elizabeth Hoegger Klaus (RUPP, GIZ)
Tel: +855 (0)12 912 106

Heads of Cooperating Institutions:
Sek Sisokhom (Head of
Department,RUPP), and
Prof. Dr. Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber
(Director of SFI)

Kao Sovandara, Kim Thida,
Phul Sophearith, Seng Mang,
Om Plaktin, Hem Kia,
Kim Raksmey, Seng Sihak,
Ly Sry, Pol Piseth, Bun Lemhuor,
Tim Pichkessey, and
Sao Somphois

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